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Apr 20, (a) KITAB-UL-HIND was written by AL-BIRUNI in Arabic language KITAB-UL- HIND is simple and lucid and a voluminous text divided into 80 chapters on. Sep 30, Most of the works of Al-Biruni are in Arabic. Kitab Tarikh Al-Hind and Aims of Writing it. Al-Biruni’s Kitab-ul-Hind is simple and lucid. It is divided. were incorporated in Mahmud’s Indian army; and Al- beruni—what Geography. Kitab-almanshurdt. marching to Hind or India proper we start from the.

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Their haughtiness is such that, if you tell them of any science or scholar in Khorasan and Persian, they will think you to be both an ignoramus and a liar. His work was perhaps the first major exposition of Hindu thought and life by an Islamic scholar and it sheds great light on the then Hindu hinv which then was berini a challenge to its very existence from Muslim invaders.

An example of Al-Biruni’s analysis is his summary of why many Hindus hate Muslims. Translated by Berjak, Rafik. Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam.

Through The Eyes Of Travellers

He also takes notice of ancient Indian traditions and writes about them in his book. Although he never entirely focuses just on physics in any of his books, the study of physics is present throughout many of his various works. Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world. The lack of description of battle and politics makes those parts of the picture completely lost. So its impossible for him to speak about the entire country as even then India was highly diverse!


Bali is still Hindu predominantly]. The former strives to conceive abstract ideas and to define general principles while the later is happy with the derived rules without going into details. The lunar crater Al-Biruni and the asteroid Al-Biruni were named in his honour.

Over time, Al-Biruni won the welcome of Hindu scholars. Furthermore, Ma hmud needed people fluent in Indian languages in order to help him in his military raids and negotiations in al-Hind. They are haughty, foolishly vain, self-conceited, and stolid.

Ahmed, like modern anthropologists, he engaged in extensive participant observation with a given group of people, learnt their language and studied their primary texts, presenting his findings with objectivity and neutrality using cross-cultural comparisons. American Federation of Astr. Biruni’s most important hnid was a major pharmacopoeiathe “Kitab al-saydala fi al-tibb” Book on the Pharmacopoeia of Medicinedescribing essentially all the medicines known in his time.

He sums up the Hindu definition of God in the following words: Al-Beruni and the Kitab al-Hind. Click here to sign up. Historical Beryni and Earth’s Rotation.

Or were they used globally in many provinces of al-Hind? The existence of God they consider as a real existence, because everytjing that it exist through him. Frederick 12 December University of Chicago Press. Harshavardhana was a great king neruni time in the North.

He attempted to suggest that social divisions were not unique to India. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat He also mentions that Indian astronomers knew about the real cause behind solar and lunar eclipses and that their calculations kiatb scientific. Between the Vaisya and Sudra, there is no very great distance.


Al-Beruni and the Kitab al-Hind

SachauAlberuni’s India: It was limited to the north west. Beyond the conquered world: He carried on a lengthy correspondence and sometimes heated debate with Ibn Sinain which Biruni repeatedly attacks Aristotle’s celestial physics: They live near the villages and towns of tge four castes, but outside them.

Check date values in: These descriptions are useful to today’s modern historians because they are able to use Biruni’s scholarship to locate certain destinations in modern-day India. A large amount of written sources was equally available to Biruni. He does not conceal whatever he considers wrong and unpractical with them, but he duly appreciates their mental achievements … and whenever he hits upon something that is noble and grand both in science and in practical life, he never fails to lay it before his readers with warm-hearted words of approbation.

Hindus considered Muslims violent and impure, and did not want to share anything with him. Their Empire in Afghanistan and Eastern Iran,