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BRIDGELESS PFC IMPLEMENTATION USING ONE CYCLE CONTROL TECHNIQUE PDF

In this paper, One Cycle Control technique is implemented in the bridgeless PFC. By using one cycle control both the voltage sensing and current sensing. rectifier and power factor correction circuit to a single circuit, the output of which is double the voltage implementation of One Cycle Control required a better controller. . The figure shows a typical buck converter using PWM technique. PWM switching technique is used here as implementation of One Cycle Power Factor Correction, Bridgeless voltage Doubler, Buck Converter, One Cycle Control This problem can be solved by using bridgeless converters to reduce the.

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One Cycle Control of Bridgeless Buck Converter | Open Access Journals

Since the error generated is used to vary the duty ratio to keep the voltage constant ,this method produce a slow response. The results obtained during the hardware implementation are presented below.

This new control method is very general and directly applicable to all switching converters.

Also it has relatively output voltage, typically in the V range. Figue shows an OCC controller [2] for controlling a bridgeless buckconverter. Related article at PubmedScholar Google.

The buck converter is generating an output voltage of 12V using One Cycle Control method. Power Electronics Europe, No.

Bridgeless PFC Implementation Using One CycleControl Technique

The results obtained are also presented in this paper. BYQ28E is used as the diode rectifier. The simulation of bridgeless buck voltage doubler circuit using One Cycle Control was done in Matlab simulink and the waveforms obtained at the time of simulation is presented here. The output of the flip flop is the required gating pulse for the switches. But this circuit suffers from significant conduction and switching losses due to larger number of semiconducting devices.

When this condition is reached the switch is turned off till the starting of the next switching cycle and this process repeats for both positive and negative half.

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The output of the integrator is compared with the reference in the comparator and the output of the comparator is used to set and resets the D flip flop. I extend my deep sense of gratitude and hearty thanks to Prof. I would like to thank my internal guide Prof. The bridgeless buck converter was designed for an output voltage of 12V dc. Although the circuit structure is simple, the location of brisgeless boost inductor on the AC side makes it difficult to sense the AC line voltage and inductor current.

The clock triggers the RS flip-flop to turn ON the transistor with a constant frequency. Bridgelesss voltage doubler circuit combines both the rectifier and power factor correction circuit to a single circuit, the output of which is double the voltage produced by a single buck converter [3] used as pfc circuit. Voltage doubler bridgeless buck converters ohe be used in switched mode power supplies as rectification as well as power factor correction circuit. The figure shows a typical buck converter using PWM technique.

One Cycle Control of Bridgeless Buck Converter

The hardware implementation for the controll is made for 12V dc and PWM technique is used as the switching technique. The prototype of a typical converter is shown below. This technique takes advantage of the pulsed and nonlinear nature of switching converters and achieves instantaneous control of the average value of the chopped voltage or current. Conventional switched mode power supplies contains a bridge rectifier followed by power factor correction circuit and second stage dc to dc converters for generating the required dc voltage.

This means that it has slow dynamic performance in regulating the output in response to the change in input voltage.

Similarly, the buck converter consisting of the unidirectional switch implemented by diode Db in series with switch S2freewheeling diode D2filter inductor L2and output capacitor C2 operates only during negative half-cycles of line voltage Vac. The total output obtained is the sum of voltage across each capacitor of the buck converters which are operating during positive and negative half respectively.

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When the integrated value of the diode-voltage becomes equal to the control reference, the transistor is implemenfation OFF and the integration is immediately reset to zero to prepare for the next cycle. Here Ts is the time period of one switching cycle.

A large number of switching cycles are also required to attain the steady state.

As long as the area under the diode-voltage waveform in each cycle is the same as the control reference signal, instantaneous control of the diode-voltage is achieved. The voltage output Vo is compared ksing Vref to generate an error signal and it is amplified. G1 and G2 shows the gating signals generated by the one cycle controller which is used to control the switching operation of S1 and S2. Switch mode power supplies without power factor correction will introduce harmonic content to the input current waveform which will ultimately results in a low power factor and hence lower efficiency.

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The hardware setup of the circuit is designed and implemented. The integrator is also activated during the start of each switching cycle.

A bridge diode rectifier followed by a power factor correction circuit which is either a buck or boost frontend is commonly used for all switched mode power supplies. This method also eliminates the use of various control loops thus reducing the complexity of the conventional cicuit. Among these topologies, the bridgeless boost does not require range switch and shows both simplicity and high performance.

The voltage available at the output is double the voltage across each capacitor. Constant Power supply required for the microcontroller and the driver is provided using separate DC source.