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La endotropia es el tipo de estrabismo más frecuente en retraso psicomotor. La variabilidad de la magnitud de desviación es una característica del estrabismo. 7. Wattiez R, Casanova FH, Cunha RN, Mendonça TS. Correção de estrabismo paralítico por injeção de toxina botulínica. Arq Bras Oftalmol. ;63(1) El estrabismo previo a la extracción de la catarata se observó en 12 casos, ocho con endotropía (ET) y cuatro con exotropía (XT). El estrabismo.

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Three esotropic children were submitted to second application. Factors affecting visual outcome after surgery for bilateral congenital cataracts.

In a study by Cronemberger et al. In the absence of calcium there is no presynaptic release of acetylcholine; consequently, muscle fibres do not contract. During this period, alignment of the visual axes may occur, allowing binocular vision.

In a double-blind study by Rieder et al.

Some children can have both pseudostrabismus and actual eye misalignment. Esotropia in infants less than 20 weeks old frequently resolves spontaneously, especially when the misalignment is intermittent and small in magnitude. However, no differences were found in their adverse effects. Conservative options include prisms and orthoptic exercises; invasive treatments include surgery estrabsmo botulinum toxin 3. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of botulinum toxin type A in the treatment of strabismus.


Results of late surgery for presumed congenital cataracts. It may be intermittent or constant and may occur with near fixation, distance fixation, or both. De los 21 pacientes que han constituido esta muestra, 10 eran varones y 11 eran mujeres.

However, constant eye crossing at ANY age should be evaluated promptly by a pediatric ophthalmologist.

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Chin Med J Engl. Patients were divided into two groups: The average age at the time of application, in the children group, was 1. The general health of the eye, as well as fstrabismo refractive state of the eye ie.

The motor result was good in 5 cases However, Cronemberger et al.

Each application is independent and there is no cumulative effect, however Abbasoglu et al. Strabismus was present before cataract surgery was performed in 12 cases, 8 with esotropia ET and 4 with exotropia XT.

Strabismus associated with infantile cataracts. To study the prevalence, characteristics, indications for and results of strabismus treatment secondary to congenital cataracts.


Estrabismo y cataratas congénitas

Evaluate the results and complications from type A botulinum toxin for strabismus treatment. Esotropias, exotropias, congenital cataract, strabismus surgery, botulinum toxin.

Two adults agreed to administration estrabisno only topical anaesthesia. Complications included ptosis in J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus ; Most studies on the subject consist of retrospective series using two types of BTA: Management of esotropia is based on a number of factors.

Se indicaron oclusiones totales desde la primera visita postoperatoria en 19 casos. The time of action of the toxin can also interfere with the analysis of results. Botulinum toxin was injected as the only treatment in 1 patient, strabismus surgery was performed in 4, and strabismus surgery and botulinum toxin were used in another case.

The incidence of adverse effects was also evaluated. Eye crossing affects the ability extrabismo the eyes to etsrabismo together. The Friedman test was used to verify possible differences between time points in groups 1 and 2.