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Barry Birkey has provided these plans of a Frame Langstroth bee hive. Download Frame Langstroth Bee Hive Plans in PDF format – inches. Frame Langstroth Beehive: Building a beehive and keeping bees has always been an interest of mine. Bee’s help plants develop and thrive. They also. In Canada, the Langstroth movable-frame hive has been adopted as the hive hive design provides simplicity of construction and ease of manipulation.

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There is little doubt that plasn most people think of a beehive they think of a Langstroth, knowingly or otherwise. They might have never have heard that name and have no sense of its history, but the Langstroth is well-established as the most neehive of beehive designs, adorning many a photo of the countryside on a hot summer day.

The Langstroth has defied the relentless march of so-called progress for over years, by retaining its position as the most common beehive. Rather, the Langstroth retains its position thanks to one simple truth — it does what it attempts to do very well indeed! An important note about this lesson. For each option the Langstroth offers, the beekeeper faces a decision.

An example ebehive the use of deep, medium or shallow boxes described below. The Langstroth can lwngstroth considered to be made up of three distinct sections with beehivr purpose of each component discussed below. The bottom board is the structure that supports the full weight of the hive and incorporates the entrance through which bees come and go. There are a few different types of bottom board availablebut they are either a solid bottom board or screened bottom board.

The latter has features useful when assessing whether llangstroth are a problem and we will be looking at this in some detail in Course 3: The use of a variable number of boxes in the Langstroth lend this hive design a tremendous ability to expand.

Due to the size of the boxes and the ease bbeehive which new ones can be added, the Langstroth offers the highest honey yield of the three main types of beehive. Although the Langstroth is something of a standard, you still have many options when it comes to box size, across two dimensions.

The Langstroth boxes used in a single hive use the same length and width. We will look at the appropriate use of each depth elsewhere, but the lower brood box where bees raise new brood is typically a deep or medium box. Beekeepers also have the choice of either 8 or 10 frame boxes. These will be used consistently throughout a single hive, meaning a hive itself — across all boxes — is either an 8 or a 10 frame hive.

A fully-laden 10 frame deep box can weigh around 80 lbs! As to the choice of depth and with the reminder that shallow, medium and deep boxes can be mixed within a single hive, deep boxes are often used olans brood and not honey. Even medium boxes can be rather heavy, though around 50 lbs, with honey.

For the non-commercial beekeeper, handling this weight is often difficult to justify, especially for the older or less mobile beekeeper. Therefore, a common option is to use 8 frame boxes. Apart from reduced langstgoth and capacity, there is little practical difference between 8 and 10 frame Langstroth beehives.

As we have seen, the Langstroth box supports either 8 or 10 frames. Typically, though not always, each frame includes foundation generally with a wax coating.

This is a vertically-oriented plane on which bees create comb. Increasing interest in natural beekeeping means more beekeepers are using foundationless framesbeehige allow the bees to create their langstrogh foundation.


The inner cover is placed on top of the uppermost box.

Inner covers also feature a beehivr, which is important when using a feeder yes, more on feeders in a separate lesson! Langsgroth common practice is to place the inner cover on top of the uppermost box, a feeder on top of the inner cover resting over the inner cover hole and then an additional box around the feeder, just to protect it from the elements. Then a top cover is placed on top of that box. The top cover sometimes called an outer cover goes…on top! The purpose is very obvious, namely to cover the beehive and protect plsns from the elements.

Beyond the core components of the hive, many beekeepers add one or more options. Here are a few of the more common ones. In most scenarios, a hive stand is recommended and justified. Doong beehivee has a number of benefits, including raising the hive to a more manageable level for the beekeeper, reducing the chance of of damp from the ground and making it more difficult for pests to access the hive.

The stand can be a very home-made affair! Many beekeepers use cement blocks or some other sturdy, but readily available, materials.

However, there are many excellent commercial products available, offering other benefits. One example, is the Ultimate Hive Standwhich is purpose-built for the job, very stable and incorporates frame holders for use during an inspection. The bottom line is that for many beekeepers it is very important to raise the hive off the ground, whether through their own solution or via a commercial product.

A small colony will be at a disadvantage if it has to defend the entrance of the hive from robber bees. Before the colony becomes fully established, having to defend the full expanse of langetroth hive entrance could well prove beyond the capabilities of the young colony. While the advantages are clear, the disadvantage is that langsttroth can get a little crowded, at least when the entrance reducer is at its most restrictive gap.

Beekeepers have a knack for naming things! The aforementioned entrance reducer, reduces the entrance. lahgstroth

Likewise, the queen excluder… excludes the queen! But why and what is it?

Wooden Components of a Modern Bee Hive – eXtension

A grid of either metal or plastic is placed on top of the uppermost box in which langstrogh queen is to be allowed to roam. The holes in the grid are just large enough to allow worker and drone bees through, but too small for the queen to pass through.

There are various philosophies on the use of queen excluders and many beekeepers simply never use them. In fact, because they do slow down worker bees — those very bees that are creating honey! We will cover the use or non-use of a queen excluder in a separate lesson but PerfectBee does not feel they are justified in the first year of a hive, as you should make life as easy as possible for your bees.

As with many aspects of beekeeping, there are numerous options available when choosing a Langstroth hive. These relate to longevity, handling, strength, aesthetics, costs and other factors.

You have several choices of wood when selecting a Langstroth, each with different characteristics of durability and longevity. The most popular wood used for Langstroth hives today is pine. This is a perfectly effective choice but, since it is not resistant to rot, it is highly advisable to paint pine hives, to increase their longevity against the elements. Typically, hives are painted with a light color, which helps keep the hive cooler beehice hot weather.

Western Red Cedar is considered an upgraded choice of wood, for a number of reasons, including better resistance to rotting. Langsgroth means that it is not so important to paint a Western Red Cedar beehiveallowing for a more natural look. It is quite common to treat with Tung Oiljust to offer a layer of protection and to bring out the natural wood grain.


The Langstroth is well-respected as a hive offering the potential for a good deal of honey. With that, though, comes weight, as discussed above. Aside from considering 8 frame boxes, Western Red Cedar offers another weight-reduction option since it is lighter than pine.

This choice of a lighter wood can ease the effort necessary considerably during a hive inspection. This is obviously somewhat more subjective, but if you prefer a natural wood look for your hive then Western Red Cedar has the advantage that it need not be painted. In fact, the application of Tung Oil brings out the wood grain in a quite beautiful way.

By comparison, a coat or two of paint on a pine hive berhive a very different plane to the finished hive. Pine is something of a standard for Langstroth hives and this results in very economically-priced beehives and boxes. For those on a tight budget, pine is a good option.

38 Free DIY Beehive Plans & Ideas That Will Inspire You To Become A Beekeeper

Western Red Cedar, by comparison, has the advantages of not needing to be painted, looking more attractive, offers greater longevity and a lower weight. But, as with any premium product, with these advantages comes a higher price. It should be noted that, assuming the visual look of the final hive is not a priority, it is feasible to start with a cedar beehive and then add boxes made with either pine or cedar.

Your email address will not be published. The Most Popular of Beehives There is little doubt that when most people think of a beehive they think of a Langstroth, knowingly or otherwise. Design Overview The Langstroth can be considered to be made up of three distinct sections with the purpose of each component discussed below. The base on which the boxes rest includes a bottom boardfeaturing an entrance through which bees can come and go.

The whole hive is often placed on a purpose-built hive standalthough other ad-hoc options exist too. This is where the action happens inside the hive. Brood, honey, pollen, propolis and, of course, bees are all housed inside one or more boxes. The top of the hive comprises an inner coversitting on top of the uppermost box, plus a top cover to cap the entire structure.

Individual Components Bottom Board The bottom board is the structure that supports the full weight of the hive and incorporates the entrance through which bees come and go. Boxes The use of a variable number of boxes in the Langstroth lend this hive design a tremendous ability to expand.

Depth The Langstroth boxes used in a single hive use the same length and width. Frame Count and Depth Beekeepers also have the choice of either 8 or 10 frame boxes. How hard will it be to move my hive? A 10 frame Langstroth can get heavy, especially when full of beautiful honey!

In fact, as you conduct hive inspections you will be lifting these boxes off and back on to your hive on a reasonably frequently. How entrance reducers help the hive?

An entrance reducer simply blocks a portion of the entrance, thus reducing the area the bees need to defend. As the colony establishes itself it becomes more capable of defending the entrance. Leave a Comment Cancel Reply Your email address will not be published. Powered by Convert Pro.