A settlement scaled, innovative research work was done in Germany, which treated all types of building based on the ‘Leitfaden – Energienutzungsplan’ (‘ Guide. Ph.D. Dissertation. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart. Gerhard Hausladen and Thomas Hamacher. Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. (Feb. ). Piet Hensel. heit (), Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. Teil 1: Be- stands- und Potentialanalyse. Munich, pp.  Haselmayr, T. [University of Augsburg] ( ), Erneuer-.
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In this calculation it was essential to have the total heated area of the residential sector, which is connected and heated by the district heating. The city not only expanded, but its urban areas actually exceeded city borders and spread to cadastral parcels of neighboring cities . H – Detached houses; SD.
This eased the work for identifying residential zones based on building typologies. Essential for this phase of particular research was the determination of the exact number of residential buildings and dwellings.
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Neighborhoods within urban area of Prishtina source: As a result, the heating demand by the residential sector in city of Prishtina remains high and leltfaden the resources used for the heating remain to be non- efficient, destructive for nature and the environment. Kosovo Agency of Statistics [4, pp. This shows that city of Prishtina is the most representative sample for the research.
Based on the nature of this research, the methods and the data gathering consist of entirely quantitative and statistical data gathering.
To reduce the actual energy consumption, it is vital to identify the present energy consumption by the residential sector. This shows that the largest heating energy consumption comes from the residential sector. Division of Urban Integral Areas of Prishtina, source: Based on this, the research paper leittfaden only the residential sector as the main potential heating leitfadrn consumer.
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Chart of residential buildings spreading in urban and rural zones of Prishtina Municipality source: Actual land use within the urban zone in Prishtina, source Municipality of Prishtina, Energenutzungsplan development plan of Prishtina source: Table V Type of resource energifnutzungsplan for heating, by dwellings in city of Prishtina source: With these data, settlement structuring could be by identifying residential zones, building typologies and residential zones based on different building typologies.
This result provides us with confidence that the calculations and final result are comparable with the reality of the current energy consumption situation. Click here to sign up. Urban Development Plan of Prishtina source: The main subject of the research was to use all available data, based on which it was possible to hypothesize the actual energy consumption for heating the residential buildings, in measurable unit. This paper analyses and elaborates the residential sector and the heating energy demand based on the local heating energy resources.
As a consequence of various problems accumulated, the urban sprawl phenomenon was inevitable.
Balcony structures, Pollack Periodica, Vol. The phenomena of urban sprawl, study case energienutzuhgsplan city of Prishtina, Ed. This paper has the main enerhienutzungsplan in energy consumption by the residential sector in city of Prishtina. This paper elaborates and identifies the number of residential buildings, number of dwellings, building typologies, heating energy resources, heating systems used by the dwellings and the energy demand for heating energy, by using quantitative methodology.
The research results could help future research works to clarify and calculate more precise energy demand for heating by the dwellings categorized in typology, year of construction. Based on the findings of this paper it will be possible to hypothesize the actual heating energy consumption by different resources in city Prishtina based on which, it will be possible to compare the situation with other cases in European cities and plan the future solutions in terms of energy consumption.
Edmond Hajrizi, Durres, Albania, November,http: The heating demand of Particular methodology included a number of steps, whir are divided into 4 main phases. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. So at this point it was essential to identify the energy consumption in measurable unit, of energiejutzungsplan of energienutzingsplan resources, so it was possible to calculate the consumption for each heating resource presented in the Table V and as a result the sum of all heating resources, which would represent the total consumption.
Pollack Periodica 12,1. Considering the fact that the energy production in Kosovo is not sufficient in relation with the everyday demand and at energienutzungwplan same time the growth of the energy demand based on different resources is evident, a detailed analysis and ,eitfaden of the energy performance of this sector is inevitable. Based on official statistical data, Prishtina is the most populated city in Kosovo withinhabitants .
Map of residential buildings spread throughout urban area of Prishtina, based on building typology source: This work has also been supported by Prof. Investigation of the energy poverty risk with building mechatronics, International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, Vol. Except the fact that it is one of the most non-efficient processes of energy production, coal burning causes pernicious effects on the environment and surrounding.
Identifying the main neighborhoods was vital for this phase of the research because it facilitated the identification of residential zones within the city of Prishtina in general Fig.
Also according to calculations in global scalethe coal and petroleum stocks are running out and they can assure the energy necessity of the world till around 60—80 years . Remember me on this computer. The heated area by the district heating was identified by the Municipality of Prishtina, according to which there are m2 of heated area only in residential sector [8, pp.
According to the official anticipation, the residential sector will cover around After analysis of the current state of the investigated districts, future concepts will be made increasing efficiency and sustainability. These first results can be used as a basis of the first district scaled energy modeling of the city of Pristhina.
Firstly, the urban integral zones of the city of Prishtina were identified Fig. Heating energy, Energy demand, Residential buildings, Urban energy modeling 1.